10 fake news about food that you need to know
Ten of the most popular myths about diet, food and proper nutrition
Fake news, that is the hoax and falsehoods that circulate on the web, like it or not, also concern what we eat: in my opinion this is a serious problem, and on many levels. That’s why I think it’s fair to talk about it on this blog, which deals with recipes but also about dietes and healthy nutrition: in this article we will see the 10 myths about food that over the years have led to misguided beliefs. False news, beliefs believed to be true without any evidence, different kinds of hoax about food are doubly dangerous , and this is because they create completely wrong convictions in the less informed people and risk conditioning our health in a negative way.
Some time ago, Coldiretti in Italy, for example, launched the hashtag #stopfakeatavola to raise people’s awareness about the subject, pointing at various sites and people on social networks that attributed the wrong value, too good (food X is always good for health) or too negative (food Y is always bad for health), to various types of food: from fruit to meat, cheese, sugar and milk. ” Incorrect information on food has a greater weight than in other sectors because it directly affects the health” said Coldiretti president Roberto Moncalvo in the meantime, pointing out how the problem is greatly amplified by various gross or bad gourmet newsletters: I find myself very much in agreement with him. Here are the main fake news on food and nutrition you find on the net, faced and denied one by one.
Cheese and intolerance
Hoax. Many people write and argue that intolerants can not touch cheeses in an indiscriminate way.
Explanation. In fact not all the cheeses are equal, and in particular a prolonged aging leads to a disappearance of lactose, which is the element that causes intolerance. If you are intolerant to lactose it is not necessary, therefore, to give up the cheese, but just choose it with greater care. Emmenthal, Grana Padano, Parmigiano Reggiano, seasoned pecorino and smoked provola are examples of cheeses that even intolerants can eat. According to Efsa data, intolerants can also take small daily doses of up to 125 ml / day.
Cane sugar is better than refined
Hoax. Many bad myths have sprung up on cane sugar: one is linked to being healthier than the refined one, in addition to being less calorie and therefore suitable for certain types of diets.
Explanation. For a long time, Coldiretti has also denied this misconception, arguing that cane sugar – which simply contains a little more amounts of molasses – contains the same calories as the white refined. The benefit is, however, minimal even in terms of the increased intake of minerals and vitamins, since it typically consumes little.
Palm oil is bad
Hoax. Palm oil damages health.
Explanation. Palm oil is a very cheap vegetable oil, which is why it is used in some foods. It is criticized above all because it is contained in many breakfast products, biscuits and snacks of various kinds: the controversy also arises from the fact that the term “vegetable fat” referred to some time ago in 9 cases out of 10 in oil or palm fat. By 2015, fortunately, there is a European law that forces the vegetable oil source to be used on the food label, so the problem should be clearly resized. Few know that palm oil is practically tasteless, and is able to increase the degree of product conservation. Palm oil is so despised that many commercial products that you can find at the supermarket include the words “Does not contain palm oil” even where the presence of oil would not be anyway!
The problem of palm oil is the presence of saturated fats, but they are also contained in butter (49.3 g per 100 g of product in the first case, 51.3 g per 100 in the other) and of course can harm your health and cause cardiovascular disease, but it always depends on what quantities we consume. So there should not be much difference between a snack packed with palm oil and a classic tart (which still contains saturated butter fat). Everything is, as always, in terms of hiring, quantity, lifestyle and the healthier or less healthy diet you decide to follow.
Milk it’s bad for health
Hoax. A little bit of everything is read about the “poor” milk nowadays, and many people have spread the belief that it is bad for health, which is not digestible, which should be taken only in the first period of life of a man and even that it is able to compete in causing terrible diseases like tumors (this is a study by China Study, which is considered unreliable by the scientific community).
Explanation. In fact, milk has always been part of our diet, so there is no problem to take it, obviously in the right amount. Obviously, some people will find it not digestible, but these are case studies that need to be addressed with your doctor and certainly not by reading articles on the internet.
Alcohol does not fatty
Hoax. Some people think that Alcohol drinks are not expected to get fat, because alcohol is not a sugar.
Explanation. In fact, alcohol is nothing other than a fermented carbohydrate, it is practically a sugar in a different form, so it is not true either.
The pineapple burns the fat
Hoax. The pineapple would have the miraculous function of burning fat and thus contributing to a slimming diet.
Explanation. Actually, it is the pineapple stalk, that no one eats (!), that contain bromelain, which is the enzyme responsible for fat “burning”, although it is actually used in herbalist ‘s shop rather than anti-inflammatory. At the basis of this belief there are also scientific studies that have been interpreted incorrectly.
Meat it’s bad for health
Hoax. Even in this case the worst is attributed to the meat, in addition to the most terrible diseases.
Explanation. The demonization of the flesh often, even if not always, contains information circuits of various vegetarian and vegetarian campaigns that are too exaggerated, too much pushed, and without considering the real consequences for health. Coldiretti, even here, has put himself in the front line to undermine the fact that there is no sustainable evidence to the advantage of the idea that the flesh is bad. In a complete diet, in fact, meat should always be present, and it is possible to do without integrating its lack with eggs, milk and its derivatives, mineral supplements and vitamins.
Bananas contain potassium
Hoax. The banana contains a lot of potassium.
Explanation. Bananas are not the richest potassium fruit, because there is also the vegetable, and for example the raw spinach is the richest potassium in absolute. Even arugula, raw sprouts, kiwis contain more potassium than bananas, which are also the richest of calories.
We need to drink … gallons of water per day
Hoax. Each person must drink (for example) 2 liters of water per day.
Explanation. How many liters of water should you drink per day? A myth, the one of 2 liters a day, very hard to overcome due to the fact that the daily intake of water changes from person to person, and it’s not easy to determine how much water it takes to take. Even here, it changes a lot from person to person, so it is not advisable to exaggerate even in this case: obviously we need water, and it is necessary to live. There is a need to increase the quantities taken in case of intense physical activity, but in general not everyone really needs to drink 2 liters of water a day, such as 1, 3, or any other number that may come to your mind.
Fats should be eliminated
Hoax. To lose weight you have to eliminate the fat.
Explanation. It’s a distorted and dangerous hoax, because actually fats are needed in our body, and eliminating them completely can hurt very badly. Fat should not generally exceed 30% of the calories taken each day, and it’s important to choose them carefully making a healthy and balanced diet.